Imagine planning a road trip with the boys or girls, and at the start of the trip, your car’s amp goes into protection mode? While this is an unforeseen incident, it doesn’t make you any less frustrated or annoyed.
And not knowing how to get the amp out of protection mode will only further fuel your frustration. The good news is, we’ve got you.
There have been numerous concerns and queries about amplifiers going into protection. So, how can protection mode on amp be bypassed?
For a more comprehensive answer on how to evade protection mode on amp, read through the article.
What is Amp?
Before delving into how to get your amp out of protection mode, it is important to explain what an amp is and where it can be used.
An amplifier, commonly known as “amp,” is used to boost the audio level from the head unit to a higher, more powerful voltage.
It is used in different electronic devices such as radio receivers, televisions, and music and audio equipment, to name a few.
In summary, any equipment that amplifies sound or the amplitude of a signal to a higher voltage is an amplifier.
Why Amp goes into Protection Mode
Protection mode in the amp is a shutdown state. In this state, the audio system or device isn’t working, or at best, the quality is low or distorted. This nonetheless begs the question of why the amp enters protection mode.
The purpose of the protection mode is to avert potential damage to the amp, sound system, or other system components. This damage may arise due to:
- Short circuits
- Incorrect installation of the amplifier
- Internal failure
- Faulty speaker or receiver
How to Bypass Protection Mode on Amp
The various reasons why amps go into protection mode have been highlighted above. However, this doesn’t spell the end of the amp or the sound system, as there are ways to bypass it.
The different approaches you can use to get an amp out of protection mode include:
Turn Off the Amp
One of the most effective, simplest, but underappreciated ways to get rid of protection mode on an amp is turning it off and then back on.
The first thing to do when your amp is in protection mode is simply turn it off and on later. This approach helps reset the amplifier, which in turn makes it come out of protection mode.
Inspect the Amp
Inspecting all parts of the amp is another way to ensure its functionality. Examine the patch, power cables, and ground wire, and make sure the wires are fastened and securely connected.
You might have loosened wire, which this inspection will show you. After the detailed inspection, turn on the amp.
Check the Amp’s Temperature
Before assessing other components of the sound system, ensure that the fault doesn’t lie with the amp. Check the amp’s temperature and ensure it isn’t overheating. If it is, move it to an area with better air flow or provide a cooling service.
However, the above isn’t the only reason why amps overheat. It can be caused by a blown or grounded speaker, a load mismatch, high bass control, and a poor power or ground connection.
If after maintaining a moderate amp temperature, protection mode is still on, chances are that the issue lies outside the amp.
Disconnect the Speaker
Knowing that the fault doesn’t lie with the amp means you are closer to the problem’s root. If a detailed inspection of the amp and turning it off and then back on didn’t resolve the problem, unplugging the speaker might just do the trick.
To disconnect the speaker, you should unplug all wiring and RCA cables, leaving only the power, remote, and ground connections.
After disconnecting the speaker, turn on the amp. If the protection mode is off, it means that the fault isn’t with the amp but with the speaker. The speaker might have developed a fault, or it’s blown.
Examine the Speaker
If one of the speakers is blown or damaged, the amp senses a connection that can easily overheat. To avert potential damage, the amp enters protection mode.
To assess if the issue lies with the speaker, check the speaker’s electrical response. You can make use of a multimeter to check the speakers’ electrical response.
A voltage less than 12 volts with the engine on means the speaker is probably damaged, and the issue lies with the speaker.
Disconnect the Head Unit
Unplug the head unit to determine if it is faulty. After disconnecting the head unit, turn on the amp. If the protection mode is off, the fault lies with either the head unit or the wiring between it and the amp.
Reconnect the head unit back to the amp and ensure the wiring is securely secured. If the protection mode comes back on, then the fault lies with the head unit.
Inspect the Ground Connection
You need to ensure that there is a good ground inspection. Large, well-connected ground wiring is essential to the efficient functioning of an amp.
As a result, if ground or power cables are too small, the amp won’t receive enough power and might stay in protect mode in order to prevent damage.
Inspect the ground connection and make sure the cables are large and well-connected.
Check the Amp’s Impedance Load
Connecting the amp to speakers or subwoofers with low impedance can result in a mismatched load. This load mismatch will lead to overwork on the part of the amp which will later result in overheating. Overheating will then make the amp enter protection mode.
It is important to confirm the amp’s impedance load and make sure it conforms to the speaker’s.
Replace Malfunctioned Transistor
Check for blown or damaged transistors and replace them. Malfunctioning or damaged output transistors may be responsible for the protection mode in amps.
Recalibrate Amp’s Gain
If after trying the approaches mentioned above, they are in the right condition but somehow the protection mode is still on, you can try this final attempt. This approach requires you to adjust the amp’s gain.
The “gain” knob connects the amp’s input to the head unit’s output. If the gain isn’t properly set, distortion in sound, overheating, or damage to the speaker can occur. The amp is capable of sensing this, which can drive it into protection mode.
Adjusting the gain can help bypass the protection mode on the amp.
Protection mode is designed to be a safety mechanism. However, this doesn’t make the incident any less frustrating. With the right information, troubleshooting protection mode on an amp can be a piece of cake.
It is important to note that protection mode on an amp can stem from the sound or audio system, the amp, or the connection between the system components. So, to resolve the issue, you might go through various steps.
In this article, we were able to identify various methods on how to bypass the protection mode on amp. This includes assessing the amp, disconnecting and examining the speaker, unplugging the head unit, assessing the amp’s impedance load, replacing malfunctioning transistors, etc.
However, if after trying these tips the protection mode still remains on, you should visit a repair shop or contact the amp manufacturer.